13 Major Disorders (Problems) Ultrasound Scan Can Detect Thoroughly

Ultrasound scan, sonography or ultrasonography, whichever name you may call it, is a popular method of getting the exact image of our internal body parts and developments in those parts.

Ultrasound scan involves use of high frequency sound waves which makes this technique effectively used for diagnostic, screening and therapeutic purposes, with more new uses are being discovered, created and refined.

Commonly used as a valuable imaging tool the doctors use this absolutely safe scanning method to effectively study the abdominal and pelvic organs, muscles, and tendons along with their heart and blood vessels. The organs usually examined are bladder, gallbladder, kidneys, liver, ovaries, pancreas, spleen, testicles, and uterus.

Abdominal ultrasound may be recommended by your doctor to diagnose the cause of any type of abdominal pain or distention. Size, shape and appearance of an organ can be correctly imaged which help to diagnose a related health condition correctly. For example, the liver could be examined for fatty infiltration and/or a lump or lesion to determine probable affliction of jaundice.

Many people ask 'What ultrasound can detect', which has been cleared here.

Ultrasound can detect :

  • 1. Fetus’ position and development.
  • 2. Baby’s due date.
  • 3. Placenta previa.
  • 4. Conditions such as deep vein thrombosis or blood clot.
  • 5. Whether the aortic valve needs to be replaced or repaired.
  • 6. Chronic liver problems using ultrasound elastography.
  • 7. Enlarged spleen (due to disease or infection).
  • 8. Ectopic pregnancy.
  • 9. Congestive heart failure.
  • 10. Breast lumps and lesions ( of malignant nature ) in the treatments of womens’ breast cancer.
  • 11. An abdominal aortic aneurysm.
  • 12. Thyroid nodules.
  • 13. Testicular torsion.

Ultrasound is also used to detect other abdominal disorders like gallstones, kidney stones, or blocked bile passage. Even oncology treatments make frequent uses of abdominal ultrasound. To detect a particular type of cancer abdominal ultrasound test can be applied to check for metastasis. Tumors, cysts, and fluid collections can be detected through abdominal ultrasound.

Abdominal ultrasound requires patient to maintain fasting of six to eight hours before starting of the test. Air or gas can be of significant hindrance to the passage of sound waves, so fasting reduces chances of obstruction of sound waves by bowel gas which might produce unclear imaging of the abdominal organs. Additionally, you might be asked to eat fat-free meal the night before the test.

The major advantage of abdominal ultrasound :

There is absolutely no risk or danger involved with it, unlike the radiation based tests such as X rays or CT scan. Also there is no pain in the process of ultrasound scanning. It is a non-invasive process which means that ultrasound is actually performed on the surface of the abdomen without the use of piercing tool . So there is no chance of any wound. The test can be performed at ease with the patient.


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