Most Common Treatment Options for Kidney Stone

Our body is like a large factory where individual departments are working in synergy to manufacture the principal product. A minor disorder in any department doesn’t make much of a difference in the whole process but if the problem persists and becomes big, it affects the production seriously.

Kidney Stone problem is a similar story. Initially there may not be any symptom until the stones grow in number and size to block your ureters, the thin tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. And when that happens, dear friend, it’s the worst pain in the world. Or, perhaps second to only the labor pain.

As part of our urinary system the kidneys remove wastes from the bloodstream and pass them out in the form of urine. And doing this continually, hard deposits of minerals and salts may be formed in the kidneys(any or both) which are called kidney Stones. Earlier, the kidney stones would be considered a problem for middle aged men, but now they’re becoming more common in middle aged women and also a problem in pregnancy.


Symptoms of Kidney Stones:

Below are the symptoms of a kidney Stone conditions. Apart from the excruciating pains, you will find other symptoms that signal you to visit a clinic immediately.

  • ● Severe pain below the ribs, either or both sides and back.
  • ● Pain, spreading to the lower abdomen and groin
  • ● Pain usually comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  • ● Pain during urination
  • ● Pink, red or brown urine
  • ● Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • ● Nausea and vomiting
  • ● Frequent urge for urination
  • ● Urinating small amounts
  • ● Fever and chills if an infection is present


Treatment Options for Kidney Stones:

Depending on the size and locations of the stones, they can be either broken into small pieces or removed intact. Following are the common treatment methods for kidney stones:

Shock wave lithotripsy

This is the most popular method of treatment for kidney stones in which the urologist uses shock waves from outside the body to crush the stones into tiny fragments or dust. The smaller pieces are then passed through your urinary tract.

This is also called ESWL or Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy, where the word ‘extracorporeal’ refers to a process outside the body. Therefore, SWL or ESWL is a totally non-surgical technique for treating stones in kidney or ureter. The patient may be given anesthesia during this outpatient procedure.

ESWL
Ureteroscopy

Ureteroscopy

This is also very popular method because this employs minimally invasive surgery method using laser. This technique uses ureteroscope that enables the urologist to see detailed images of any part of the kidney and ureter (Pelvicalyceal System) by inserting the instrument through the urinary passage, for diagnosis and treatment of small kidney tumors and stones.

Once the stones are found they are broken into dust or tiny pieces. This procedure is done under spinal or general anesthesia and needs only one day of hospital stay and allows the patient to resume work within 3 days.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy

In this method, a thin viewing tool, called nephroscope, is inserted directly into your kidney through a small cut in your back. Large stones may be broken using a laser. This procedure is generally performed in a hospital with anesthesia. The patient is needed to stay in the hospital for several days after the procedure.

Percutaneous-nephrolithotomy

Types of kidney stones

Analysis of your kidney stone helps to learn the root cause of the problem and gives your doctor direction of the right treatment to eliminate chances of stone in future.

The different types of kidney stones are:

  • ● Calcium Stones - Most common types of kidney stones.
  • ● Struvite Stones - Caused mainly due to urinary tract infection.
  • ● Uric Acid Stone - Occurs in people who take high protein diet and/or drink very less fluids. May also be caused due to genetic factors.
  • ● Cystine Stone - May cause in people with a hereditary disorder that makes their kidneys excrete too much of certain amino acids (cystinuria).

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