Travel Medicines to take before going on international trip


With ever increasing growth in the international travelling the concern about travel related health issues is fast becoming a necessary checkpoint along with passport, visas and itineraries before travelling.

Whether it is the pre travel vaccinations or the travel medicine kit, travel medicine has become a highly dynamic specialty healthcare area, because of growing awarenesses of the acquirable diseases and injuries in the country they are planning to travel.

This necessitates a comprehensive risk assessment for each individual traveller on the basis of his/her existing health conditions, chances of catching diseases (immunity level), itinerary and destinations-specific risks and also advise the traveller on the most appropriate risk interventions to promote health and prevent adverse health outcomes during travel. Let us take a close look at the types of travel medicines in both of its forms:


Pre-travel vaccinations

There can be different pre travel vaccinations, either general types or specific to the country of travel. The list includes -

  • ● hepatitis A
  • ● hepatitis B
  • ● typhoid
  • ● yellow fever
  • ● meningococcal meningitis
  • ● rabies
  • ● tetanus
  • ● diphtheria, and
  • ● polio

Country specific immunizations may include vaccinations to remain safe against outbreak of infections or waterborne diseases, such as encephalitis, dengue, etc.


Nature

Travel medicine kit

  • ● Necessary prescription medicines for example, epinephrine and your epinephrine auto-injector (EpiPen) if you are a patient of severe allergy.
  • ● Special prescription medicines for the trip, such as medicines to prevent malaria, diarrhea, etc.
  • ● Over-the-counter medicines
    • ● Antidiarrheal medication (for example, bismuth subsalicylate, loperamide)
    • ● Antihistamine
    • ● Decongestant, alone or in combination with antihistamine
    • ● Anti-motion sickness medicatione
    • ● Medicine for pain or fever (such as acetaminophen, aspirin, or ibuprofen)
    • ● Mild laxative
    • ● Cough suppressant/expectorant
    • ● Cough drops
    • ● Antacid
    • ● Antifungal and antibacterial ointments or creams
    • ● 1% hydrocortisone cream

Other important items that should be found in your travel medicine kit includes-

  • ● Insect repellent that contains DEET (30%-50%) or picaridin (up to 15%)
  • ● Antibacterial hand wipes or alcohol-based hand sanitizer( with at least 60% alcohol

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