Sports Injuries

Injuries are very common in sports because there are very few sports that don’t involve direct impacts, jerks and collisions. Strained and tired limbs, direct impacts, errors in judgement, or the improper form or technique are some of the main causes for sports injuries that may lead to bruises, strains, sprains, tears, and broken bones.

There are mainly two types of sports injuries - acute and chronic.

The injuries that occur suddenly, for example sprained or twisted ankle due to improper landing or may be a shoulder pain resulting from wrong technique of weight lifting are the examples of acute injuries.

Chronic injuries can happen due to repeated overuse of muscles and joints. Wrong techniques and structural abnormalities also are the reasons for the development of chronic injuries. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is yet another potential type of sports injury which can occur in some sports.

Broadly there are seven sports injuries as listed below that the sports persons commonly experience as acute or chronic type -

  • 1. Ankle sprain.
  • 2. Hamstring strain.
  • 3. Shin splints.
  • 4. Knee injury.
  • 5. Tennis elbow.
  • 6. Concussions.
  • 7. Dehydration.

Ankle sprain:

This injury usually caused by the damaged ligaments on the outside of the ankle. During the sport if the foot suddenly twists or rolls due to sudden and unexpected movement forcing the ankle joint out of its normal position, it causes overstretching or tearing of one or more ligaments around the ankle.

Swelling of ankle with pain and walking discomfort are the normal outcomes of ankle sprain which can happen to anyone irrespective of age

Hamstring strain:

Hamstring strain is another common and painful injury that strikes the athletes in different sports including track n field, gymnastics, all types of outdoor and indoor games, etc. Hamstring is not actually a single string but a group of three muscles that run along the back of the thai to allow the leg bend at the knee. Hamstrings strain happens if one or more of these muscles get strained and also torn during sporting activities such as running, jumping, sudden stopping and starting, etc.

Shin splints:

Shin splints is the pain developed along the inner edge of the shin bone also known as tibia. This happens mainly from excessive running or other physical activities using legs, for example if one has just started a fitness program.

Knee injury:

Our knees are complicated joints which bear the weight of the upper body and helps the legs to move and bend to enable us sit, squat, run, and jump. The knee has four components - bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. There can be many types of knee injuries affecting one or more of these components such as -

  • ● Fractures,
  • ● Ligament injuries,
  • ● Dislocations,
  • ● Meniscal tears,
  • ● Bursitis,
  • ● Tendonitis,
  • ● Tendon tears,
  • ● Collateral ligament injuries,
  • ● Iliotibial band syndrome,
  • ● Posterior cruciate ligament injuries.

Tennis elbow:

Tennis elbow occurs due to overloading of tendons of the forearm from repetitive motions of the wrist and arm. The pain starts in the area at the back of elbow where tendons of the forearm muscles attach to a bony bump. The pain may then spread to forearm and the wrist. Non athletes who are engaged in other professions such as butchers, carpenters, painters, plumbers, etc. may also develop tennis elbow.


Concussions are more likely to happen to high school age athletes, especially those who are playing body contact sports such as football, rugby, etc. Risk of concussion is more in girls. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that the children who have experienced concussions multiple times should give up contact sports. The following is a list of symptoms common to concussions:

  • ● Amnesia
  • ● Confusion
  • ● Headache
  • ● Dizziness
  • ● Ringing in ears
  • ● Fatigue
  • ● Slurred Speech



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