Joints are the vital areas of our skeleton where two or more parts join together to facilitate certain types of movements and their controls by the nervous system. The examples of joints in our body are:
Each of our joints has a unique system by which the corresponding parts collaborate with each other. Joint pains arise out of the pain or inflammation of the bones, cartilages, ligaments, tendons, and muscles that correspond to the joining systems.
Joint pains can be acute or chronic in nature, resulting from either a traumatic injury or some diseases, with intensities varying from mild or annoying to severe causing major quality of life issues.
Arthritis is the main disease that is responsible for chronic joint pains. It causes redness and swelling in the joints that eventually lead to damaging the joint tissues from wear and tear. Arthritis comes in two forms - osteoarthritis arthritis( OA ) and rheumatoid arthritis( RA ).
OA is the most common type of arthritis that usually develops after the age of 40. It progresses slowly to damage the cartilages and mostly affects the joints such as wrists, hands, hip, and knee.
RA is the other type of arthritis which is more commonly found in women than in men. Known to be an autoimmune disease it causes inflammation and fluid buildup in the joints to cause debilitating pains.
Other causes of arthritis are:
● Juvenile arthritis (JA)
● Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease (pseudogout)
● Psoriatic arthritis
● Reactive arthritis
● Infectious arthritis
● Lyme disease
You can visit an urgent care facility for any of the following symptoms:
● If you’ve experienced a serious injury.
● If a joint appears deformed.
● If a joint has swelled suddenly.
● If the joint is completely immobile.
● If you have severe joint pain.
Treatment of your joint pain condition depends upon the cause of the pain. If it is an arthritis pain the main goal of treatment would be to reduce your pain and prevent more damage to the joint.
Your treatment may involve removing the accumulated fluid from the joint area. In some cases, you may be advised to undergo surgical procedures to replace the damaged parts with artificial parts.
There are some non-surgical methods that are frequently advised by the doctors, include lifestyle changes or medications to keep your RA under control. In the treatment of RA, your doctor will first treat inflammation. Once it is subsided, your medication will be aimed at keeping a tight rein so as to not allow the condition flare-up.
Both medications and surgeries can be used to treat the tennis elbow and other elbow problems as well as the knee pains. Following are the types of drugs used to abate the elbow and knee pains -
● Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
● Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs
● Gout medications
● Biologic response modifiers
● Osteoporosis medications
The surgical procedures to address the elbow and knee pains include:
● Fracture repair
● Elbow or knee replacement surgeries