The Autumn days have come with little dryness and cold in the air, and charming fall of deciduous leaves, and along came sneezing, coughing, headache, and fever to take captive of every home.
Yes, this is flu season too! For the dry and cold atmosphere encourages the flu viruses to develop and stay longer in the air. Commonly known as influenza virus this is a highly contagious respiratory ailment caused by influenza A or B viruses that attack our body through the respiratory tracts.
But it is not to be mixed up with cold viruses which also are present during this time with similar symptoms but different intensities, as the below table suggests -
|Signs & symptoms||Influenza virus attack||Cold virus attack|
|Shivering or chill||Usual||Generally not|
|Cough and Chest discomfort||Common||Mild to moderate|
It is actually not easy to avert the all invasive flu viruses. Understanding of how the Influenza virus spreads and alertness of mind to avoid falling prey and improving body immunity are the keys to keep the flu viruses at bay.
Flu virus can infect people of any age. The symptoms may take one day to appear after the attack and may continue for three to five days depending upon the treatment.
Influenza virus spreads from person to person either through direct touches or same-object touches and also by airborne transmission. Any public place including school, college, office, mall, theater, train, bus, etc. are the places where people catch influenza viruses.
For example, if you happen to shake hands with or contact someone bodily who is already infected, you are almost sure to get affected, subject to your immunity level. Alternately, you may pick flu virus by touching practically any object in a public place that have been touched by infected person(s) such as, door knobs, chair, table, drinking glass, computer, etc.
The Influenza virus also spreads through sneezing, coughing, and even talking by the infected person(s). Virus carrying droplets from the infected person(s) are borne in the air and are strong enough to infect other people in the close vicinity.
As said earlier, alertness and precaution can help you avert flu attack. Below are some of the precautionary steps you can follow.
Also as a careful citizen you should conscious try not to spread influenza virus in case you are infected. Coughing and sneezing into your elbow help check discharge of droplets in the air.