Identifying Insect Bites & Treating Them At Home

Except for the mountain peaks, there is probably no place on earth which is devoid of insects. Being crucial components of many ecosystems that are contributing to our lives, these little creatures don’t like intrusion into their territories.

Whether you are in the woods or in your backyard, you are likely to encounter insect bites or stings. However, barring a few, insect bites don’t cause major health problems There are home remedies for insect bites that can heal you within a few hours or a few days.

An insect bite invariably leaves a mark of welt on the skin with irritation and scratching sensations. But most of the common insects are harmless and their stings only bother you for a day or two, except for a few poisonous ones such as, fire ants, wasps, hornets, and bees whose bites may cause intense pains and even allergic reactions. Similarly, spider bites also cause poisonous reactions to our body and should be subjected to immediate medical care.

What form an insect bite will take depends upon what type of bug was that. Symptoms of most bug bites are common such as red bumps with pain, itching, or burning but there are some bug bites that cause blisters or welts. The symptoms and the locations where the insect bit can provide clues to the insect type, the probable severity of the bite and treatments.

Insect bite identification:

A quick look at the following symptoms will give an insight into bug bite identifications.

  • Bites of bed bugs turn the bitten area red with small mounds and itchiness and can cause serious allergic reaction. Bites may cause very itchy blisters or hives in lines or groups on the areas of body not covered by clothings.
  • Bee stings are identified by red skin bump with white around it.
  • Flea bites cause itchy welt on the skin, usually in the ankle and leg areas.
  • Mosquito bites cause small itchy skin bumps which in some special cases may result in severe allergic reaction.
  • Spider bites, severity depends upon the species, generally cause red skin, swelling and pain from the bitten area but may require emergency medical attention in some more poisonous spider bite cases.
  • Ticks bites cause lyme disease that leaves an extended red spot on the skin with full body rash, blisters, burning sensation and other symptoms such as headache, nausea, weakness, neck stiffness, joint or muscle pain, and fever.
  • Wasp stings are identified by sharp pain, redness, swelling and itching or burning sensations with raised welt appearing at the sting site.
  • Chigger bites appear in groups of welts, blisters, pimples and hives which are extremely itchy.

Home Remedies:

The treatments for Insect bites depends upon type of reaction to the bite or sting and can be carried out at home. Whether it is for spider bites or other insect bites, some of the effective home remedies include -

  • Application of ice on the bite spots help remove redness and pain. It also helps to reduce swelling.
  • The bite spot is better be cleaned with soap and water to remove contaminated particles left behind by the insects such as, mosquitoes. These particles, if not removed,may further contaminate the wound.
  • Resist the urge to scratch the bite or sting prevent further infection from nail scratch. Instead you may use some over-the counter medicines (topical, pills, or lotions) to ease itching sensation.

Some people may have a history of severe allergic reactions to certain insect or spider bites. It may be useful for them to have an emergency treatment kit (such as anaphylaxis kit or n- kit that contains an epinephrine injector, tourniquet, antihistamine, etc.) at home. But this should necessarily be based on doctor’s advices after an evaluation of the insect bite after-effects and severity of the reaction.


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