4 Common Types of Endocrine Disorder


Endocrinology refers to the treatment of the endocrine system which is responsible for some of our essential body functions such as metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood to name a few.

Our endocrine system is a group of eight major glands whose roles are paramount because they monitor and regulate the activities of some of the organs that propel our bodies. The list of endocrine glands include:

  • Pituitary gland
  • Thyroid gland
  • Parathyroid glands
  • Adrenal glands
  • Pancreas
  • Pineal body
  • The ovaries
  • The testes

These glands secrete chemical substances called hormones into the bloodstream or the organs. The hormones are like messengers that tell the organs to do something or to stop doing something.

Endocrine system diseases

Our endocrinologists at Urgent care Texas offer personalized care services for the following endocrine disorders:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid diseases
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Over- or under-production of hormones
  • Menopause
  • Osteoporosis (thinning bones)
  • Hypertension
  • Cholesterol (lipid) disorders
  • Infertility
  • Lack of growth (short stature)
  • Cancers of the endocrine glands

Endocrine disorder emergencies

There are usually four types of endocrine disorder emergencies that are treated at urgent care texas. They are:

  • 1. Thyroid storm
  • 2. Myxedema Coma
  • 3. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • 4. Acute adrenal crisis

Thyroid storm

This occurs when the body produces very high levels of circulating thyroxine or the thyroid hormone. Symptoms of this conditions hypertension, altered mental status, tachycardia, tachypnea, and hyperthermia. Associated symptoms may be dehydration, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Myxedema Coma

It is a condition of severe hypothyroidism that can become life-threatening with slow, shallow respirations. The mental status of the patient can vary between being confused and lethargic to a state of deeply unconscious.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

This happens when insulin production in the body becomes inadequate to manage the increased glucose level. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs more often in Type I diabetes but can occur to type II diabetic patients due to causes such as infection, trauma, and cardiovascular events. When normal fasting blood glucose levels range from 70-100 mg/dcl, under DKA they will rise to 250 mg/dcl or higher.

Acute adrenal crisis

This can also be called adrenal insufficiency. This can happen to a patient with Addison's disease if he /she suddenly stops corticosteroid therapy. Surgery or trauma to the kidneys also can initiate an acute adrenal crisis. The patients will display a hypotensive state with altered mental status and also can cause nausea, vomiting, weakness, and fatigue.

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