All you need to know about DOT Drug Testing

The US Department of Transportation (DOT) has got a stringent policy in place that makes it imperative for the DOT agencies to implement drug and alcohol testing for their safety-sensitive employees to improve safety chances for themselves as well as thousands of innocent people.

The safety-sensitive employees are those who work as part of the teams that provide transportation services in the air, on the roads, across the rails, and in the water – both overland and underground. It is potentially dangerous if an employee engaged in a public transport service is using drugs or alcohol while on the job.

What is a DOT test?

DOT testing is a mandatory drug and alcohol test for the safety-sensitive employees, as part of the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act 1991, passed by the United States Congress.

Who is required to take the DOT test?

You are a safety-sensitive employee if you are engaged in any of the below occupations and hence required to pass the DOT test.

    ● Truck and Bus Drivers
    ● Subway Operators
    ● Train Engineers
    ● Pilots and Airline Mechanics
    ● Ship Captains
    ● Pipeline Controllers
    ● Armed Security Personnel
    ● And more

What drugs are prohibited and tested for in a DOT test?

DOT testing is done to check for both alcohol and drugs. While the alcohol test is conducted on a breathalyzer machine, the drug tests include screening for five major drug groups as listed below:

    ● Marijuana/THC
    ● Cocaine
    ● Amphetamines (including methamphetamine)
    ● Opiates (including heroin, codeine, and morphine)
    ● Phencyclidine (PCP)

When are you required to take the DOT tests?

Tests are taken compulsorily at many stages of the employment process for both employees and the employer of a DOT regulated agency. The stages include:

    ● Pre-employment – before job responsibilities begin
    ● Post-accident – occurs after the employee has been in an accident
    ● Return-to-duty – after a drug or alcohol violation
    ● Follow-up test – continues for up to 5 years after Return-to-duty testing
    ● Random – occurs quarterly through a random selection of employees.

How DOT tests are done?

For the drug tests, the procedure involves urine collection and testing to check for the controlled substances. Alcohol may be tested for using breath and saliva. All tests are non-intrusive.

Where DOT tests can be performed?

Urgent Care Texas is a center for DOT drug testing as permitted by the National Laboratory Certification Program(NLCP) and certified by the Department of Health and Human services( DHH). We can assist companies and owner-operators in all areas of Texas, for immediate compliance with DOT FMCSA regulations for drug and alcohol testing.


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